A to Z of Pigmentation

Melanin, the natural pigment that lends colour to skin, hair and eyes, has many interesting stories wrapped around it.To a large extent, genetics and ethnicity determine the amount of melanin produced by the body, and Indians, by default, are blessed with more of it. The good news is that melanin’s UV-absorbing nature offers protection against harmful effects of UV rays, also to a certain extent from blue light and UVB. Certain studies have shown melanin to safeguard against reactive oxygen species (ROS) that are by-products of cellular processes within the body. In addition, melanin is also researched to have anti-inflammatory and immunity-boosting properties. How much better could it get to be blessed with beautiful, protective brown skin?

However, melanin is also conspicuous by its presence – Be it spots, freckles, or a convergence of uneven skin patches commonly called pigmentation. Exposed predominantly to tropical weather, pigmentation is one of the most common Indian skin issues apart from tanning. Although blessed with a lower tendency towards wrinkling compared to westerners, Indian skin tends to lean towards pigmentation. A mix of external influences like heat, humidity, sun exposure; coupled with internal factors such as genetics, hormonal fluctuations, post-inflammatory pigmentation, acne, etc. are the main factors responsible for Indian skin pigmentation.

Every person’s skin is unique and so is skincare. Indian brown skin tones often experience higher hyperpigmentation due to the skin’s natural tendency to tan as a response to toxic stimuli.
A series of causes combined withIndian genetics rule out a “universal approach” to treat hyperpigmentation on natural Indian skin.

Another influencing factor is the depth of hyperpigmentation, dermal or epidermal. While the latter affects the upper skin layers making it easier to treat, dermal pigmentation requires intensive treatments since it’s deeper.

Safe in the sun

Exposure to sunlight/UV rays sends melanin production into overdrive. While we Indians have lucked out on a natural skin shield from harsh UV rays, regular application of sunblock with a minimum SPF gives double protection. So, while you’re out soaking in the sun, remember not to skip out on sunscreen!

Intel on ingredients

Glycerine, Niacinamide and Vitamin C are de-pigmenting agents that help boost cell turnover and control Indian skin pigmentation. Mild products such as this Aloe face wash-serum-cream combo are a great idea to help keep pigmentation in check.

Aloe magic

The all-time magic elixir for all skin types and a boon for pigmentation woes, Aloe Vera is must-have in your skincare wardrobe. Aloe Vera, is a research-proven natural de-pigmenting compound with skin lightening properties, which is also effective as a chemical-free hyperpigmentation treatment.

Choose mild skin-care products since irritation worsens hyperpigmentation.Try this combination of a gentle Aloe Vera face wash and Aloe Vera cream to soothe your skin. For added protection against dark spots, this Aloe face serum can do the trick.

Since brown spots could go deeper into the skin over time, early treatment of pigmentation is the best way to handle it. And remember, even the most robust skincare regimen shows results only after a few weeks, with visible improvements taking as long as 6 months. Therefore, the key to dealing with skin pigmentation is dedication, diligence, and a whole lot of patience! 

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